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Pandas 合并 merge

作者: Bhan 编辑: rcdrones 2016-11-03

学习资料:

要点

pandas中的mergeconcat类似,但主要是用于两组有key column的数据,统一索引的数据. 通常也被用在Database的处理当中.

依据一组key合并

import pandas as pd

#定义资料集并打印出
left = pd.DataFrame({'key': ['K0', 'K1', 'K2', 'K3'],
                             'A': ['A0', 'A1', 'A2', 'A3'],
                             'B': ['B0', 'B1', 'B2', 'B3']})
right = pd.DataFrame({'key': ['K0', 'K1', 'K2', 'K3'],
                              'C': ['C0', 'C1', 'C2', 'C3'],
                              'D': ['D0', 'D1', 'D2', 'D3']})

print(left)
#    A   B key
# 0  A0  B0  K0
# 1  A1  B1  K1
# 2  A2  B2  K2
# 3  A3  B3  K3

print(right)
#    C   D key
# 0  C0  D0  K0
# 1  C1  D1  K1
# 2  C2  D2  K2
# 3  C3  D3  K3

#依据key column合并,并打印出
res = pd.merge(left, right, on='key')

print(res)
     A   B key   C   D
# 0  A0  B0  K0  C0  D0
# 1  A1  B1  K1  C1  D1
# 2  A2  B2  K2  C2  D2
# 3  A3  B3  K3  C3  D3

依据两组key合并

合并时有4种方法how = ['left', 'right', 'outer', 'inner'],预设值how='inner'

import pandas as pd

#定义资料集并打印出
left = pd.DataFrame({'key1': ['K0', 'K0', 'K1', 'K2'],
                      'key2': ['K0', 'K1', 'K0', 'K1'],
                      'A': ['A0', 'A1', 'A2', 'A3'],
                      'B': ['B0', 'B1', 'B2', 'B3']})
right = pd.DataFrame({'key1': ['K0', 'K1', 'K1', 'K2'],
                       'key2': ['K0', 'K0', 'K0', 'K0'],
                       'C': ['C0', 'C1', 'C2', 'C3'],
                       'D': ['D0', 'D1', 'D2', 'D3']})

print(left)
#    A   B key1 key2
# 0  A0  B0   K0   K0
# 1  A1  B1   K0   K1
# 2  A2  B2   K1   K0
# 3  A3  B3   K2   K1

print(right)
#    C   D key1 key2
# 0  C0  D0   K0   K0
# 1  C1  D1   K1   K0
# 2  C2  D2   K1   K0
# 3  C3  D3   K2   K0

#依据key1与key2 columns进行合并,并打印出四种结果['left', 'right', 'outer', 'inner']
res = pd.merge(left, right, on=['key1', 'key2'], how='inner')
print(res)
#    A   B key1 key2   C   D
# 0  A0  B0   K0   K0  C0  D0
# 1  A2  B2   K1   K0  C1  D1
# 2  A2  B2   K1   K0  C2  D2

res = pd.merge(left, right, on=['key1', 'key2'], how='outer')
print(res)
#     A    B key1 key2    C    D
# 0   A0   B0   K0   K0   C0   D0
# 1   A1   B1   K0   K1  NaN  NaN
# 2   A2   B2   K1   K0   C1   D1
# 3   A2   B2   K1   K0   C2   D2
# 4   A3   B3   K2   K1  NaN  NaN
# 5  NaN  NaN   K2   K0   C3   D3

res = pd.merge(left, right, on=['key1', 'key2'], how='left')
print(res)
#    A   B key1 key2    C    D
# 0  A0  B0   K0   K0   C0   D0
# 1  A1  B1   K0   K1  NaN  NaN
# 2  A2  B2   K1   K0   C1   D1
# 3  A2  B2   K1   K0   C2   D2
# 4  A3  B3   K2   K1  NaN  NaN

res = pd.merge(left, right, on=['key1', 'key2'], how='right')
print(res)
#     A    B key1 key2   C   D
# 0   A0   B0   K0   K0  C0  D0
# 1   A2   B2   K1   K0  C1  D1
# 2   A2   B2   K1   K0  C2  D2
# 3  NaN  NaN   K2   K0  C3  D3

Indicator

indicator=True会将合并的记录放在新的一列。

import pandas as pd

#定义资料集并打印出
df1 = pd.DataFrame({'col1':[0,1], 'col_left':['a','b']})
df2 = pd.DataFrame({'col1':[1,2,2],'col_right':[2,2,2]})

print(df1)
#   col1 col_left
# 0     0        a
# 1     1        b

print(df2)
#   col1  col_right
# 0     1          2
# 1     2          2
# 2     2          2

# 依据col1进行合并,并启用indicator=True,最后打印出
res = pd.merge(df1, df2, on='col1', how='outer', indicator=True)
print(res)
#   col1 col_left  col_right      _merge
# 0   0.0        a        NaN   left_only
# 1   1.0        b        2.0        both
# 2   2.0      NaN        2.0  right_only
# 3   2.0      NaN        2.0  right_only

# 自定indicator column的名称,并打印出
res = pd.merge(df1, df2, on='col1', how='outer', indicator='indicator_column')
print(res)
#   col1 col_left  col_right indicator_column
# 0   0.0        a        NaN        left_only
# 1   1.0        b        2.0             both
# 2   2.0      NaN        2.0       right_only
# 3   2.0      NaN        2.0       right_only

依据index合并

import pandas as pd

#定义资料集并打印出
left = pd.DataFrame({'A': ['A0', 'A1', 'A2'],
                     'B': ['B0', 'B1', 'B2']},
                     index=['K0', 'K1', 'K2'])
right = pd.DataFrame({'C': ['C0', 'C2', 'C3'],
                      'D': ['D0', 'D2', 'D3']},
                     index=['K0', 'K2', 'K3'])

print(left)
#     A   B
# K0  A0  B0
# K1  A1  B1
# K2  A2  B2

print(right)
#     C   D
# K0  C0  D0
# K2  C2  D2
# K3  C3  D3

#依据左右资料集的index进行合并,how='outer',并打印出
res = pd.merge(left, right, left_index=True, right_index=True, how='outer')
print(res)
#      A    B    C    D
# K0   A0   B0   C0   D0
# K1   A1   B1  NaN  NaN
# K2   A2   B2   C2   D2
# K3  NaN  NaN   C3   D3

#依据左右资料集的index进行合并,how='inner',并打印出
res = pd.merge(left, right, left_index=True, right_index=True, how='inner')
print(res)
#     A   B   C   D
# K0  A0  B0  C0  D0
# K2  A2  B2  C2  D2

解决overlapping的问题

import pandas as pd

#定义资料集
boys = pd.DataFrame({'k': ['K0', 'K1', 'K2'], 'age': [1, 2, 3]})
girls = pd.DataFrame({'k': ['K0', 'K0', 'K3'], 'age': [4, 5, 6]})

#使用suffixes解决overlapping的问题
res = pd.merge(boys, girls, on='k', suffixes=['_boy', '_girl'], how='inner')
print(res)
#    age_boy   k  age_girl
# 0        1  K0         4
# 1        1  K0         5

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